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    Thursday, December 26, 2019

    IAEA Support for New Nuclear Programs in 30 Countries Including Syria

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    Tobaposcom -- About 30 countries are considering, planning or starting nuclear power programmes, and a further 20 or so countries have at some point expressed an interest. In the following list, links are provided for those countries that are covered by specific country papers: (more)

    In Europe: Italy, Albania, Serbia, Croatia, Portugal, Norway, Poland, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ireland, Turkey.
    In the Middle East and North Africa: Gulf states including UAE, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Kuwait; Yemen, Israel, Syria, Jordan, Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Algeria, Morocco, Sudan.
    In west, central and southern Africa: Nigeria, Ghana, Senegal, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Namibia, Rwanda.
    In Central and South America: Cuba, Chile, Ecuador, Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru, Paraguay.
    In central and southern Asia: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Uzbekistan.
    In SE Asia and Oceania: Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Australia, New Zealand.
    In east Asia: North Korea.

    Despite the large number of these emerging countries, they are not expected to contribute very much to the expansion of nuclear capacity in the foreseeable future – the main growth will come in countries where the technology is already well established. However, in the longer term, the trend to urbanisation in less-developed countries will greatly increase the demand for electricity, and especially that supplied by base-load plants such as nuclear. The pattern of energy demand in these countries will become more like that of Europe, North America and Japan.Some of the above countries can be classified according to how far their nuclear power programmes or plans have progressed:

    Power reactors under construction: UAE, Belarus, Bangladesh, Turkey.
    Contracts signed, legal and regulatory infrastructure well-developed or developing: Lithuania, Poland, Vietnam (but deferred).
    Committed plans, legal and regulatory infrastructure developing: Jordan, Egypt.
    Well-developed plans but commitment pending: Thailand, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Saudi Arabia; or commitment stalled: Italy.
    Developing plans: Israel, Nigeria, Kenya, Laos, Morocco, Algeria.
    Discussion as policy option: Namibia, Mongolia, Philippines, Singapore, Albania, Serbia, Croatia, Estonia & Latvia, Libya, Azerbaijan, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, Syria, Qatar, Sudan, Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru, Chile.
    Officially not a policy option at present: Australia, New Zealand, Portugal, Norway, Ireland, Kuwait, Myanmar, Malaysia, Cambodia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia.  (adm)


    Adv: Yuk, Belanja Online di POP Shop

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